The Brazil – Culture
The brazilian culture reflects the various peoples that make up the demographics of the country (indigenous, European, African, Asian, Arab, etc.) as a result of the intense mixing and coexistence among peoples who participated in the formation of Brazil.
The arts called erudite, of European origin, has its beginnings in the colonial period, during which the European artistic movements were introduced as the Renaissance, Mannerism, Baroque, Rococo and Neoclassicism. During this period, the art held in the colony was closely linked to the Portuguese art, often but with “accent” Brazil, such as the sculptures of Antonio Francisco Lisboa, Aleijadinho, the curvilinear plant churches in Minas Gerais eighteenth or the angels mulattos of paintings by Manuel da Costa Ataíde.
In the nineteenth century, literature has developed, succeeding to the Baroque the following styles: Realism, Naturalism, Symbolism and Parnassianism with Machado de Assis size of writers, Euclides da Cunha and many others. In the twentieth century, there was a renewal of Brazilian art in the Modernist movement. One of the key events in the spread of new ideas was the Modern Art Week in 1922. The plastic and literary artists of that time have pursued a typically Brazilian art.
In architecture, a similar renovation occurs from the 1940s with the merger of Le Corbusier’s ideas in the work of architects such as Oscar Niemeyer, Lucio Costa and others. Both would design the city of Brasilia, which would become the capital of Brazil in 1960.
The culinary in Brazil is the result of a mixture of European, indigenous and African ingredients. Many of the preparation techniques and ingredients are of Indian origin, having been adapted by the slaves and the Portuguese. These were adaptations of their dishes by substituting ingredients that were missing with the local.
The feijoada, a typical dish of the country, is one example. The dish is prepared with black beans and pork. The slaves brought to Brazil from the late sixteenth century, amounted to national culinary elements like the oil-for-palm and couscous. The waves of immigrants received by the country between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, coming in large numbers from Europe, even brought some new features to the menu.
The Brazilian folklore is a collection of myths, legends, customs and traditions transmitted in general orally through the generations in order to teach something, or merely born of the people’s imagination. Because Brazil is a country of continental dimensions, it has a very rich and diverse folklore.
Throughout the year, various festivals are celebrated throughout the country. The carnaval is the best known of them, and their shows are seen worldwide. The June Festival, the festival of Bumba-meu-boi, Folia de Reis, the Iemanjá Party and many other celebrations and processions. Its origins are mostly Catholic / European and African.